The object types are very important part of JavaScript as they allow programmers fully engaging in OOP (object oriented programming). Properly applying OOP enables creation of larger, fast executing scripts that make JavaScript so popular in web development.

The objects essentially are collections of properties and methods.

Properties are basically variables attached to objects and they are expressed in name-value pair.

Methods are functions associated with objects, i.e. they need an existing object to be applied to. Methods may be also explained as actions performed on an object by using or affecting object's properties. 


Definition: Person is an object. He (or she) can have a name, age, gender, job… to define him. These are called properties. They can vary from person to person. He can do actions like going to work, getting pension, going on holiday … These actions are called methods and are performed at different times.

var person = {

     name : "Kathy", //Properties …

     age: 32,

     gender: "female",

     getPension : function() {  //Method                          

           if(this.age < 60) {

                document.write("Not eligible for pension");




Creating and invoking Objects

Objects can be created in a few ways; the most common being object initialization and  object constructor.

Objects are invoked using ‘.’ (dot operator) or ‘[ ]’ ([ ] operator)

Object initialization

How to initialize objects in JavaScript:

var obj = {property1: value1,   property2:value2, ….. property:valueN};

where obj is name of a new property,

property1,2…..N are identifiers i.e. string, number, name…etc.

value1,2……N are values of particular property.

NOTE: Default functions (methods) used in JavaScript like alert(), eval() …etc, do not need an ‘.’ (dot operator) to invoke them or prepend them with the ‘window’ object.

Example of object initialization:

var Kate = {name : "Kathy", age: 32, gender: "female"};

var Chris = {name : "Christopher", age: 29, gender: "male"};

document.write(;//Accessing using ‘.’ Operator

document.write(Kate[“name”]); //Accessing using ‘[]’ Operator

Each of the above expressions result in creating a new objects when executed with distant properties.

Constructor function 

We define an object type by writing a constructor function (whose name is in capital initial letter) and create an instance of the object using keyword new. The constructor function is a "blueprint" of the type of objects we define.

The object Constructor function in JavaScript is created like this:

function Film(name, year, director){ = name;

   this.year = year;

   this.director = director;  

   this.display = function() {

      document.write(this["name"] + " is released in " + this["year"] + " directed by " +        this["director"]);



var hobbit = new Film("Hobbit 3", 2014, "Peter Jackson"); //Creating object using constructor.


NOTE: String, Number and Boolean types can be created as objects (same way as we have created user defined objects above), but they complicate the code and slow down execution and that is not preffered way of creating them.


Example of JavaScript object used to define a person:


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